what is Smoke Testing?
Smoke Testing is performed after software build to ascertain that the critical functionalities of the program is working fine.It is executed “before” any detailed functional or regression tests are executed on the software build.The purpose is to reject a badly broken application, so that the QA team does not waste time installing and testing the software application.
In Smoke Testing, the test cases chosen cover the most important functionality or component of the system. The objective is not to perform exhaustive testing, but to verify that the critical functionalities of the system is working fine.
For Example a typical smoke test would be – Verify that the application launches successfully, Check that the GUI is responsive … etc.
what is Sanity Testing?
After receiving a software build, with minor changes in code, or functionality, Sanity testing is performed to ascertain that the bugs have been fixed and no further issues are introduced due to these changes.The goal is to determine that the proposed functionality works roughly as expected. If sanity test fails, the build is rejected to save the time and costs involved in a more rigorous testing.
The objective is “not” to verify thoroughly the new functionality, but to determine that the developer has applied some rationality (sanity) while producing the software. For instance, if your scientific calculator gives the result of 2 + 2 =5! Then, there is no point testing the advanced functionalities like sin 30 + cos 50.
Points to Remember
- Both sanity tests and smoke tests are ways to avoid wasting time and effort by quickly determining whether an application is too flawed to merit any rigorous testing.
- Sanity Testing is also called tester acceptance testing.
- Smoke testing performed on a particular build is also known as a build verification test.
- One of the best industry practice is to conduct a Daily build and smoke test in software projects.
- Both smoke and sanity tests can be executed manually or using an automation tool. When automated tools are used, the tests are often initiated by the same process that generates the build itself.As per the needs of testing, you may have to execute both Sanity and Smoke Tests on the software build.
- In such cases you will first execute Smoke tests and then go ahead with Sanity Testing. In industry, test cases for Sanity Testing are commonly combined with that for smoke tests, to speed up test execution. Hence it’s a common that the terms are often confused and used interchangeably.